Gauss Seminars in Criticism: Michael Hardt
Michael Hardt is a political philosopher whose writings explore the new forms of domination in the contemporary world as well as the social movements and other forces of liberation that resist them. In the Empire trilogy—Empire (Harvard, 2000), Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire (Penguin, 2004), and Commonwealth (Harvard, 2009)—he and Antonio Negri investigate the political, legal, economic, and social aspects of globalization. They also study the political and economic alternatives that could lead to a more democratic world. Their pamphlet Declaration (self published, 2012) attempts to articulate the significance of the encampments and occupations that began in 2011, from Tahrir Square to Zuccotti Park, and to recognize the primary challenges faced by emerging democratic social movements today. Their most recent work, Assembly (Oxford, 2017), challenges the assumption that social movements must return to traditional, centralized forms of political leadership and advocates social unionism, or the mixing labor organizing with social movements.